To describe the efficacy of intravitreal chemotherapy (IViC) preceded by intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for the treatment of advanced stage retinoblastoma. This non-comparative interventional case series retrospectively reviewed the medical records of six patients who presented within months of each other with unilateral retinoblastoma, Reese–Ellsworth stage Vb/D of ABC classification in the affected eye. After clinical and ophthalmoscopic evaluation, they underwent MRI to exclude local and CNS dissemination. The IAC was given to treat retinal masses and intravitreal injections to treat vitreous seeding. Patients had received two cycles (six infusions) of IAC, and from six up to ten melphalan injections into the vitreous, with an interval of 7–10 days between them. From one to four intravitreal injections were performed for partial remission or consolidation. No permanent complications of procedures have been reported. All patients underwent to bimonthly MRI examination, during treatment and every 3 months for 1 year after last injection, to exclude orbital dissemination. Successful control (100 %) of tumor masses and vitreous seeds was achieved in all cases at 12 months follow-up. Complications were posterior lens opacity, acute ischemic papillitis, partial CVR thrombosis, hypotonia (case 1), partial vitreous hemorrhage (case 4). No complications appeared in cases 2, 3, 5, and 6. No intraocular or orbital tumor recurrence or retinoblastoma metastases (follow-up range, 12–33 months) were observed. Sequential IAC and intravitreal melphalan for advanced retinoblastoma allowed to provide retinal and vitreous seed control.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Alternated intra-arterial and intravitreal chemotherapy for advanced intraocular retinoblastoma: preliminary successful results without systemic chemotherapy|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto: