The zinc(II) triflate-catalyzed synthesis of highly functionalized pyrroles is described. The sequence involves the preliminary preparation of α-aminohydrazones by Michael addition of primary amines to 1,2-diaza-1,3-dienes. The treatment of these intermediates with dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates produces α-(N-enamino)-hydrazones that are converted into the corresponding pyrroles. The substituents on the carbon in position four of 1,2-diaza-1,3-dienes drive the regioselectivity of the ring closure process. Starting from 4-aminocarbonyl-1,2-diaza-1,3-dienes only dialkyl 1-substituted 5-aminocarbonyl-1H-pyrrole-2,3-dicarboxylates are achieved by Lewis acid-catalyzed ring closure. A screening of several Lewis/Brønsted acid catalysts is performed. Zinc(II) triflate is the most efficient catalyst. Under similar reaction conditions, employing 4-alkoxycarbonyl-1,2-diaza-1,3- dienes, only 4-hydroxy-1H-pyrrole-2,3-dicarboxylates are synthesized. These latter reactions can be accomplished regioselectively also in one pot. Using 4-aminocarbonyl-1,2-diaza-1,3-dienes, diamines and dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates the sequence provides the corresponding α,ω-di(N-pyrrolyl)alkanes.
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|Titolo:||Zinc(II) triflate-catalyzed divergent synthesis of polyfunctionalized pyrroles|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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