Imatinib (IM) 400 mg daily is the standard treatment for Ph+ Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) in early Chronic Phase (ECP). Nilotinib (NIL) is a 2nd generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with superior efficacy to IM (phase 3 ENESTnd trial). NIL has been approved for the frontline treatment of CML in many countries. The treatment with more than one TKI, according to the principles of cancer polychemotherapy, may improve the response rates and may decrease the frequency of drug-resistance. The combination of different TKIs is potentially toxic, difficult to be explored in the ECP setting. The sequential administration of IM and NIL is worth to be investigated because a significant proportion of CML patients treated with a single TKI as monotherapy develops primary or secondary resistance. Aims: To evaluate the response (either cytogenetic and molecular) and the outcome of ECP Ph+ CML patients treated with the sequential administration of NIL and IM. Methods: A phase 2 study was conducted by the GIMEMA CML WP (ClinicalTrials.gov. NCT00769327). NIL was administered first because it has a more rapid therapeutic effect. Schedule: NIL 400 mg twice daily for 3 months; IM 400 mg daily for the next 3 months; then, NIL and IM turning every 3 months, for a total duration of 24 months (study core). The 3-month rotation schedule was respected, irrespectively of temporary discontinuations. The primary end-point was the Complete Cytogenetic Response (CCgR) rate at 12 months. If the conventional cytogenetic analysis resulted not evaluable, a FISH analysis was performed. If one of the 2 drugs was permanently discontinued for adverse event (AE), the patient remained in study, continuing the treatment with the other drug (except for cardiac AEs). Definitions: Major Molecular Response (MMR): BCR-ABL/ABL ratio < 0,1%IS; failure: according to 2009 ELN recommendations; event: failure, permanent discontinuation of both drug for any reason, patient refusal. All the analysis were performed according to the ITT principle.
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|Titolo:||Alternating Nilotinib 400 mg twice daily and Imatinib 400 mg once daily as Frontline Treatment of Ph+ Chronic Myeloid Leukemia. A Phase 2 Multicentric Study of the GIMEMA CML Working Party|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.5 Abstract in rivista|
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