This paper investigates the validity of the model of dual processing by means of eyetracking methods. In this theoretical framework, gaze direction may be a revealing signal of how automatic detection is modified or sustained by controlled search. We performed an experiment by using a stylized decisional framework, i.e. informational cascade, proposed by economists to investigate the rationality of imitative behavior. Our main result is that automatic detection as revealed by gaze direction is driven by mechanisms that are dependent on cognitive biases. In particular, we find significant statistical correlation between overconfident subjects’ first fixation and their revealed patterns of choice. This implies that gaze direction is driven by cognitive processes in a way that is not necessarily consistent with the efficient processing of information

Innocenti, A., Rufa, A., Jacopo, S. (2008). Cognitive Biases and Gaze Direction: An Experimental Study. In LABSI WORKING PAPERS (pp. 1-20). SIENA : Labsi.

Cognitive Biases and Gaze Direction: An Experimental Study

INNOCENTI, ALESSANDRO;RUFA, ALESSANDRA;
2008-01-01

Abstract

This paper investigates the validity of the model of dual processing by means of eyetracking methods. In this theoretical framework, gaze direction may be a revealing signal of how automatic detection is modified or sustained by controlled search. We performed an experiment by using a stylized decisional framework, i.e. informational cascade, proposed by economists to investigate the rationality of imitative behavior. Our main result is that automatic detection as revealed by gaze direction is driven by mechanisms that are dependent on cognitive biases. In particular, we find significant statistical correlation between overconfident subjects’ first fixation and their revealed patterns of choice. This implies that gaze direction is driven by cognitive processes in a way that is not necessarily consistent with the efficient processing of information
Innocenti, A., Rufa, A., Jacopo, S. (2008). Cognitive Biases and Gaze Direction: An Experimental Study. In LABSI WORKING PAPERS (pp. 1-20). SIENA : Labsi.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/33959
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