Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a very aggressive cancer originating from the pleural membrane and mainly due to inhalation of asbestos. As a consequence of the past exposure to asbestos in industrialized countries and the present use in developing ones, as Canada, China, India, Kazakhstan, Russia and Thailand, the current incidence of MPM, is still high (1-6/100.000) and it is expected to further increase. The prognosis of MPM is poor with a median overall survival of less than one year from the time of diagnosis. The non-specific symptoms and the lack of accurate biomarkers do not allow a sufficiently early diagnosis for a radical treatment of the disease. To date, few pharmacological treatment options are available and effective cures are missing. Thus, the identification of novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, as well as therapeutic targets is urgently needed. In the current project, we moved onto two different paths. On one side, we focused on a group of deregulated genes in MPM, as ASS1, EIF4G1, GALNT7, GLUT1, IGF2BP3, ITGA4, RAN, SLC16A1, SLC16A3, SOD1 and THBS2. In order to investigate their role in tumorigenesis of MPM we performed an RNA interference-based screen on four MPM cell lines (Mero-14, Mero-25, IST-Mes2 and NCI-H28,) and one non-malignant mesothelial cell line (MeT-5A). The screening was followed by a phenotypic study in vitro. We analysed changes in proliferation rates, caspases 3/7 activity, migration abilities and clonogenicity. In particular, for SLC16A1 and SLC16A3, we further evaluated their expression in vivo on a series of 135 MPM samples, through tissue microarray immunohistochemistry (IHC). On the other side, in the light of the lack of an efficient therapeutical treatment, we aimed to identify novel active compounds to be repositioned in the MPM therapeutic management. Thus, we screened an FDA-approved drug library on the panel of MPM and non-MPM cells above mentioned. We identified two putative drugs, as the antimetabolite Fludarabine and the bisphosphonate Risedronic Acid. Although these results are preliminary and require deepen evaluations, overall, they suggest that repurposing of these two compounds could represent a promising approach for MPM treatment.
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|Titolo:||Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: an investigation on relevant cancer genes and potentially repositionable drugs|
|Citazione:||Dell'Anno, I. (2019). Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: an investigation on relevant cancer genes and potentially repositionable drugs.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.1 Tesi Dottorato|