Although the literature has just pointed out the effectiveness of University-Industry (UI) collaborations in the development of valuable innovations, it is still not clear how the related knowledge spillovers benefit organizations of different types and locations. The present work aims at investigating under which circumstances UI collaborations develop innovations whose spillovers are largely reused by other foreign firms in the development of subsequent and related innovations. In order to answer to this research question, we carried out several analyses from 772 joint patents in the pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and medical technology sectors, developed by German and Italian universities in collaboration with a firm. Our results show a positive effect of UI collaborations involving local partners, which encourage knowledge sharing, and the adoption and combination of foreign knowledge by the same partners, which may complement knowledge and resources available at national level. Finally, we pointed out a positive moderating effect of university specialization, which may increase partners’ absorptive capacity, hence favoring a more effective use of foreign knowledge. Our paper enables a better understanding of the determinants of the innovative impact of UI collaborations, by shedding new light on the mechanisms of global innovations systems that characterize the industries under analysis.
|Titolo:||University-Industry collaborations and international knowledge spillovers: A jointpatent investigation|
|Citazione:||messeni petruzzelli, A., & Murgia, G. (2018). University-Industry collaborations and international knowledge spillovers: A jointpatent investigation. In Proceedings of the 2018 R&D Management Conference.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|