Metasurfaces are thin metamaterial layers characterized by unusual reflection properties of plane waves and/or dispersion properties of surface/guided wave. Metasurfaces can be described through a surface impedance boundary condition; the impedance, possibly tensorial, can be space-varying (by design) on the surface. Metasurfaces can be realized at microwave frequencies by printing a dense periodic texture of small elements on a grounded slab, with or without shorting vias. When the resulting structure is periodic, the metasurface can be accurately characterized in terms of uniform equivalent surface impedance, relating the tangential components of the average electric and magnetic fields. In this case, a rigorous analysis can be performed through a spectral Method of Moments (MoM). However, it is often of interest to consider aperiodic metasurfaces; by modulating the equivalent surface impedance it is possible to engineer the interaction of a given incoming field with the metasurface. This can be exploited, for instance, to change the propagation constant of surface waves, thus realizing planar lenses, or leaky-wave antennas. The very effect of metasurface antennas and lenses derives from the spatial variability of the (tensor) surface impedance, sought by design. Â© 2013 IEEE.
|Titolo:||Full-wave analysis of tensorial impedance metasurfaces|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|