The main proposals of this thesis concern the formulation of a new approach to classic Machine Learning optimization procedures, so as to inspire some insights about the recent rush to gold in most of the Artificial Intelligence applications. Crucial aspects we would like to raise up can be associated to the current thirst of data that characterizes popular approaches, above all in Deep Learning. The high representational power of these kind of structures allows us to achieve state of the art results in most of the existent Machine Learning benchmarks, provided that a lot of labeled data are available in order to tune the large number of learnable parameters. All the information about the analyzed phenomena is assumed to be available at the beginning of the training and, usually, provided to the agent in a shuffled order to improve the final result. However, when looking to the fundamental ambition of Artificial Intelligence to simulate human behavior, it is straightforward to note that these problems have been embedded in a framework which is completely different from the biological environment. Our formulation, inspired by natural behaviors in biology, is related to general Regularization Methods for Machine Learning. As for other natural phenomena, we tried to provide a model described by Laws of Physics, taking into account the existent forces and the final goal of the problem. This approach allows us to recreate, analogously to the studies on systems of particles considered in Classical Mechanics, laws of motion that implement a regularization effect based on the temporal smoothness of the environment. The results came up to be a generalization of classical algorithms for discrete optimization, empirically reinforcing the soundness of the theory. The main contributions of the thesis regard an extensive experimental analysis necessary to validate the proposed model and analyze the effects of its hyper-parameters. Furthermore, we propose a novel learning structure to extend classic semi-supervised learning techniques to on-line learning and include general kind of constraints.
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|Titolo:||Regularization and Learning in the temporal domain|
|Citazione:||Rossi, A. (2017). Regularization and Learning in the temporal domain.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||8.1 Tesi Dottorato|
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