This paper discusses, through the illustration of a case study, some of the different parameters that can be used to define an 'archaeological facies' from a methodological viewpoint. Taking the archaeological background of the prehistory of Central Italy into account, this contribution focuses on the characteristics of the Early Bronze Age sites of the Florence area. The analysis is based on the abundant evidence of the Florentine plain, dating to the chronological range 2,200-1,700 cal. BC. These contexts developed as a continuum from the previous Bell Beaker tradition, leading to the identification of the so-called “Epi – Bell Beaker”. The Early Bronze Age is defined on a chrono-stratigraphical basis and displays the strong development of features seen on local Bell Baker sites, as happens elsewhere in Europe. Then in a later phase some Copper Age characteristics were abandoned and new features took their place, some of them lasting until the Middle Bronze Age. It is interesting to analyse the radiometric dates of the development of the Early Bronze Age sites in the Florentine area, highlighting possible overlaps with previous and successive phases. After a brief introduction to the research constraints of the Florence Plain, this paper discusses the different parameters used to exemplify the methodological approach adopted. This includes the analysis of various features of settlement strategies, the economic and subsistence system in relation to the environmental resources and – in some detail – artefact production as concerns pottery, lithics and metals. In particular this paper illustrates the definition of the Epi- Bell Beaker contexts through the individuation of distinctive cultural indicators. Specific pottery shapes, decorations and production techniques are analysed in their gradual diffusion and transformation within and outside the Florence area. Trends and peculiarities are also analysed for stone tool production, as well as the strategies adopted for raw material exploitation. Epi-Bell Beaker cultural identity is considered throughout, highlighting also the importance of long and short distance exchange of objects and cultural stimuli. It is worth noticing that in this respect the Florence area was a lively node in a network of exchanges, a sort of crossroad among trans-Apennine paths and valley connections with the Tyrrhenian coast where prehistoric communities accomplished a wide range of cultural contacts. The data presented enable us to discuss the role of archaeological indicators in the evaluation of cultural continuity and change.
|Titolo:||La prima età del Bronzo in area fiorentina tra tradizione e innovazione: riflessioni per una proposta interpretativa|
|Citazione:||Sarti, L., Martini, F., Pizziolo, G., & Volante, N. (In corso di stampa). La prima età del Bronzo in area fiorentina tra tradizione e innovazione: riflessioni per una proposta interpretativa. In C.C. Danckers J. (a cura di), Facies e culture nell’età del Bronzo italiana?. Roma : Academia Belgica.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|
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